From Where Does Kratom Come From?
Kratom – By now, you might have heard a lot about this herbal plant that has helped millions of people to get rid of the chronic pain without having to resort to prescription drugs. But have you ever thought from where exactly did the plant come from? What are its benefits and how they are consumed? When did people begin packaging and selling it for commercial purposes?
Till, now everyone has known about its benefits, narcotic-effect, or sedative effect but there is a long and abundant history of this amazing plant in other parts of the world.
What Exactly Is Kratom?
Well, if you are interested in knowing each and everything about Kratom, you need to dive into kratom’s history.
Kratom is a tropical plant, also known as Mitragyna Speciosa (its scientific name). The leaves of Kratom are quite potent in treating chronic pain. To get instant relief, you need to dry out and crush the Kratom leaves into pills or powders. This medicinal plant is indigenous to Southeast Asian countries and most commonly found in Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia. The trees flourish in tropical landscapes. Therefore, Kratom belongs to this region of the world. Kratom is considered a fairly new natural product to enter into Western culture, but it has been used for centuries throughout Southeast Asia. Since kratom is a relatively new natural remedy for many individuals, there is a general lack of information and understanding surrounding what is kratom in general.
Some Of The Traditional Uses Of Kratom
Kratom is a well-known tropical evergreen plant that belongs to the coffee family (Rubiaceae) native to Southeast Asia. Kratom can grow as a large evergreen tree that could reach up to 80 feet tall while producing lustrous leaves and budding flowers. Generally, the veins of the leaves are distinct and vary in color from a light yellow to deep green and brownish-red. Native Southeast Asian people have been using these leaves for centuries.
Some Local Uses Of Kratom:
The native people use Kratom leaves as a way to help combat fatigue and increase appetite and boost energy. The native people considered that chewing on them would be best to create a stimulating effect.
The leaves of the Kratom are extracted and placed on wounds in order to help heal them. The Kratom leaves also work as a topical anesthetic.
Kratom is also known to treat coughs and upset stomachs by improving the digestion functioning as well as regulating the body metabolism. Most often, people also found that the leave extracts could help with diarrhea and stomach bugs.
What is Kratom – Modern Uses
In a recent survey conducted an anonymous cross-sectional online survey on kratom use, by the University of Florida, claimed that middle-aged (31-50 years), with middle-income ($35,000 and above), are the primary users of kratom. 68% of respondents used kratom to self-treat pain while 66% used it for emotional or mental conditions. The third most common purpose was for self-treating opioid-related withdrawal symptoms. Less than 1% (.65%) reported kratom-related negative side-effects that required treatment which primarily was temporary, gastrointestinal issues. 40% of respondents said they discussed their kratom use with their healthcare provider
How Kratom Works
Kratom leaves are potent enough to naturally produce nitrogen-based chemicals called Alkaloids. These strong alkaloids can have pronounced physiological actions on humans. Moreover, Kratom is known to produce over 40 known alkaloids. Out of the 40 alkaloids, most of them are prevalent and researched such as mitragynine, 7-hydroxymitragynine, speciogynine, and paynantheine.
Mitragynine is a biochemical component that makes up about 66% of the total alkaloid content in kratom. The researchers usually study it for its potential analgesic (pain relief) effects and for its potential antitussive, antidiarrheal, adrenergic, and antimalarial effects on the human body.
7-hydroxymitragynine makes up less than 2% of the total alkaloid content, which exhibits potentially powerful analgesic properties. The alkaloids – Speciogynine and paynantheine make up about 15% of the total alkaloid content in kratom. They are studied as muscle relaxers.
There are many other alkaloids in kratom that includes mitraphylline, ajmalicine, and isorhynchophylline. These alkaloids are studied for their potential as immunostimulants and cerebrocirculants.
The origin of Kratom is not fully known. However, we can reasonably assume certain things about the origin of Kratom. The Kratom plant is a native of Southeast Asia, where it has been used by the native cultures for many centuries. Tribal societies used it as a mild stimulant by chewing its leaves, making it very similar to Khat or Coca in a functional sense. It is said to increase the appetite, give energy, and increase metabolism. The native Southeast Asian people consume Kratom in different forms such as chewing the leaves, smoking it, or brew it as a tea. Directly chewing the leaves was rarely followed by the native people because of its bitter taste. Native tribes would also often use it as a poultice for various wounds. Historically, the Kratom tree was enjoyed most by laborers, field workers, and others who worked hard and demanding jobs.
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